ISPF-LAB. Laboratorio dell'ISPF X-2013

N. X 2013
ISPF-LAB. Laboratorio dell'ISPF X-2013, D. Armando - L. Pica Ciamarra - M. Sanna
Napoli, ISPF-CNR, 2013
http://www.ispf-lab.cnr.it/article/Sommario2013NumeroX

Abstract

ISPF-LAB
LABORATORIO DELL’ISPF

X, 2013

Sommario  

 

 

Dieci anni / Ten years

 

 

Testi

 

·G. Vico  

DE REBUS GESTIS ANTONI CARAPHEI
 Edizione in modo testo dell’originale latino
 Riproduzione facsimile dell’edizione Napoli 1716
 Nota editoriale

 

Osservatorio

 

 

·Manuela Sanna - Leonardo Pica Ciamarra
I SEMINARI DELL’OSSERVATORIO SUI SAPERI UMANISTICI

·Carla Benedetti   
UNA SFIDA PER LE HUMANITIES

·Valeria Pinto
TANATOLOGIA DELLA CRITICA. LE RIVISTE NELL’EPOCA
DELLA VALUTAZIONE

·Francesco Pitocco
CONSIDERAZIONI INATTUALI (?) SULLA CRISI
DELLA STORIA E DELLA CULTURA UMANISTICA

 

Saggi

 

·Davide Monaco
MONADI, SPECCHI E MENTI. PENSIERO MATEMATICO E
“IMAGO DEI” NELL’OPERA DI CUSANO

·Salvatore Prinzi
MACHIAVELLI E LA TIRANNIDE DEL TEMPO

·Arab Kennouche
ONTOGENÈSE DE L’ESPRIT VICHIEN ET STRUCTURES IMAGINATIVES CHEZ HEGEL

·Monica Riccio
“TROPPO VICINI”: LETTURE DELLA CATASTROFE
PROSSIMA  NEL PENSIERO MERIDIONALE ALLA FINE
DEL XVIII SECOLO

 

      

Strumenti    

·Giovanni Morrone
SUL CONCETTO DI IDENTITÀ. TRACCE DI RIFLESSIONE

·Ludovica Malknecht
OSSERVAZIONI SU FANTASIA E PRASSI IN TH. W. ADORNO

·Fabio Palumbo
DELEUZE E FREUD. NOTE PER UNO STUDIO SULLA
“LOGICA DEL SENSO”

·Gabriele Rizzo
LE OMBRE DEL SECOLO DELEUZIANO. APPUNTI SU
“ORGANI SENZA CORPI” DI SLAVOJ ŽIŽEK


Indice

English Abstracts

TESTI

Giambattista Vico, De rebus gestis Antonj Caraphei.
Digital text edition and digital facsimile edition.

OSSERVATORIO

Manuela Sanna – Leonardo Pica Ciamarra, The seminars of the Observatory on Humanities.
This paper introduces the text of three seminars held respectively by Carla Benedetti, Valeria Pinto and Francesco Pitocco as part of the activities of the ISPF “Observatory on Humanities”. The argument focuses on the need for a critical perspective on the current policies of research evaluation, which according to the Authors pose a threat to the identity and the future of Humanities.

Carla Benedetti, A challenge for the humanities.
This article proposes to rethink the role of the humanities avoiding any defensive position and moving rather from a self-critical reflection on the less and less incisive role that they attributed to themselves in recent decades. According to the author, the new role of humanites should be based on the awareness of the radical emergency that marks our time – i.e. the possibility of human extinction – and of the need to find new convergences with the natural sciences.

Valeria Pinto, Thanatology of critics. The journals in the age of evaluation.
This article deals with the issue of the transformation of the role of the journals induced by the new mechanisms of evaluation of research, focusing on the humanities journals as a specific form of critical culture. The thesis is that the standardization processes in progress – a policy of digitalisation which is primarily a digitization of politics – lead to the extinction of the journal as a place for the discussion of the “Fragwürdige” and to the extinction of the essay as form.

Francesco Pitocco, Untimely (?) meditations on the crisis of history and humanities.
Moving from the debate on the usefulness of history which took place after World War II, this article discusses the present crisis of humanistic culture. At that time Lucien Febvre answered back to the request that history had to be «useful for life» - as Nietzsche said -objecting that «a serving history is a servile history» and that, on the contrary, history is necessary for facing present problems, but only if it is a free construction of a critical method and thinking. Developing Marc Bloch’s thesis on the light of the experiences of the second half of the 20th century, the author confirms the fundamental role of historical consciousness for the formation of democracy and European civilization as well as for their future, being it the only possible antidote against short breath lectures of a present crisis, including the economic one, which is first of all a cultural crisis, and an indispensable tool for thinking and orienting the change.

SAGGI

Davide Monaco, Monads, mirrors and minds. Mathematical thinking and “imago Dei” in the work of Nicholas of Cusa.
This article introduces Nicholas of Cusa monadic vision of reality: the world acquires sense and value as contraction Dei, that is the ability of God’s infinite power to concentrate, individualise and actualise itself in each and every created thing by the infinite divine power. In the universal explicatio Dei the human mens has an exclusive and privileged role: it is not mere explication, but living imago Dei. The mind is defined by Nicholas of Cusa on the base of the ability to give mensura, dimension of everything: the mind measures as numerates. However our mind numerates and knows, measuring, everything on the base of a Mathematics that originates things which is the one of divine mind. The human mind is image of God’s one inasmuch this one creates everything on the base of divine Mathematics while the human mind knows everything on the base of the Mathematics generated by itself.

Salvatore Prinzi, Machiavelli and the tyranny of time.
By addressing the issue of tyranny in political life, this essay aims to subtract Machiavelli to the traditional reading that has flattened his thought as “Machiavellian” and, at the same time, to overcome the contemporary interpretation of him as a “champion” of republican freedom. In Machiavelli’s thought there is rather something tyrannical: the detection of a temporality of the political life constantly changing the scenario in which we move, not allowing us to trust in the same solutions at all times. The real tyranny is therefore that of a thoroughly modern time, the time of contingency and opportunity that we must learn to use, in order to gain the sovereign space in which “what was not, can be”.

Arab Kennouche, Ontogenesis of spirit in Vico and imaginative structures in Hegel.
This essay discusses some functions of imagination as Vico depicted them in their biblical, historical and ontogenetical aspects. The Vichian nascimento of thought as imagination aims at defining the real relationship between mind and body outside their often false opposition. The archeology of thinking does not rest on a presumptive centered substance governing the human flesh and passions, but on a network of powerful images, enabling the first humans to implement their faculty of intellection as acuity. Reason is absent from the first processes of intelligence, as they are depicted in the New Science, first of all with the “Second Fall”. Moving from here, the paper proposes a comparison with the structure of imagination in Hegel’s philosophy, taken as a model of the primacy of a logic and divinereason, and suggests a path to interpretate even Hegel’s concept of Geist through Vico’s laws of imagination.

Monica Riccio, “Too close”. Reading nearby catastrophes in Southern Italian thought at the end of the XVIIIth century.
This paper analyses the intersections between the ideas of catastrophe and revolution in Southern Italian writers at the end of the XVIIIth century, focusing on those who operated in the proximity of a natural or political upheaval. The way in which this proximity modifies the value of the concept of catastrophe is well shown by the writings of the “observers” of the 1783 earthquake in Calabria and Messina and by their effort to offer a testimony and narrate the catastrophe at present tense.

 

STRUMENTI

Giovanni Morrone,About the concept of identity. Traces of reflection
The Author tries to outline a concept of identity appropriate to the variety of often contrasting meanings that identity has assumed in the current debate. For this purpose the Author analyses the contrasts that concern the concept of identity on a methodological, logical and political-sociological level. He examines a series of distinctions between identity as a category of analysis and identity as a category of practice, between methodological identity and real identity, between identity as a structure of social life and identity as a product of social construction in order to define the problem of identity and its multiple aspects.

Ludovica Malknecht, Notes about phantasy and praxis in Th. W. Adorno.
In Adorno’s gnoseology, fantasy carries out an essential task. It allows thought to keep reality at a distance in a critical way, thus making its interpretation and therefore its knowledge possible. At the level of the social critique, Adorno observes a contraction (restriction) of fantasy – especially in Minima Moralia and in his writings on the crisis of the subject, in the early 1940s – that seriously influences the dynamics of progressive alienation and reification of individuals in mass society. This involves real anthropological changes that substantially alter the possibility of knowing and experiencing reality, of understanding and elaborating experience. Only can the thought that doesn’t renounce to the role of fantasy give rise to an authentic critical consciousness of reality, able to demand a transformation of reality itself.

Fabio D. Palumbo, Deleuze and Freud. Notes for a study on “The Logic of Sense”.
Can we claim that Deleuze is tacitly indebted to Freud and Freudiansm? This essay suggests that Deleuze experienced a double misunderstanding of the father of psychoanalysis. This could be ascribed to the misrecognition of the intrinsic affinities between the critical intention of Deleuze and Guattari and the materialism and anti-cartesianism that informed the Freudian program, and to the unexpected convergences with the latter. Such convergences can be traced in some passages of The Logic of Sense, through the mediation of the Kleinian lesson and the introduction of the concept of phantom – element which sublimates the libidinal energy and the erotic investment; or through dynamic homologies and structural ones with the classical psychoanalytical approach. Thus, Freud could be part of a hidden genealogy of Deleuze’s thought.

Gabriele Rizzo, The Shadows of the Deleuzian Century. Notes about “Organs without Bodies” by Slavoj Žižek.
The paper finds in the dialogue between Slavoj Žižek and Gilles Deleuze the theoretical place for a reflection on some philosophical and political issues crucial to the understanding of post-modernity. Beyond the frustrating alternative between apology and uncompromising refusal, an alternative that dominates the reception of Deleuzian thought, the paper attempts the path of a problematization which would highlight the consequences of his theoretical experimentation as well as its blind spots. Through the analysis of decisive issues such as materialism, subjectivity, politics and revolution, and within a redefinition of the philosophical coordinates of Deleuzian thought, this brief survey seeks to bring to light hermeneutical trajectories and operational concepts to guide the reading and the deconstruction of latest post-modernity.